Originile conectivităţii infrastructurii verzi în planificarea urbană / Origins of green infrastructure connectivity in urban planning
Oana-Cătălina Popescu, Alexandru-Ionuţ Petrişor
Rezumat/Abstract. Urban ecology sees today the city nature as a green infrastructure providing ecosystem services to the urban dwellers, contributing to their welfare and a sustainable urban development. However, the concepts included in this view are not as new as it seems. Ecosystem services are just a reiteration of the ecological economy view of nature as a natural capital providing goods and services to the human society. Similarly, although increasing attention has been paid lately to the green infrastructure and its role in addressing challenges faced by the modern society, including the mitigation of climate change effects, it is less known that the concept, that started being used relatively recently, in the ‘90s, has emerged at the end of the 21st century in the works of the prominent landscape architects and urban planners Frederick Law Olmsted and Ebenezer Howard. They argued in their projects, revolutionary for that time, for the need to combat urban sprawl through a strategic planning of vegetated systems and corridors, known today as “green infrastructure”. The designed components of the systems of urban parks and green spaces are similar to those of the “green infrastructure”, consisting of nodes (core areas/hubs) and connections. The relationship between nature and human well-being (known today as “ecosystem services”) and sustainability was also anticipated by their woks. Most importantly, these early researches demonstrated that the green infrastructure is not optional, but must be strategically devised, holistically planned, and properly managed. This work aims to revisit the old works from a modern perspective.
Cuvinte cheie/Key words: ecological infrastructure, interconection, networks, natural systems, landscapes, strategic planning, urban sprawl, human wellbeing
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