Procesul regenerării siturilor de tip brownfield – un obiectiv cheie în dezvoltarea urbană durabilă (2) / Brownfield regeneration process – a key objective for a sustainable urban development (2)
Michael Alexander H. E. Birgmayr
Rezumat/Abstract. For many EU communities’ brownfields emergence was, or still is, a new issue, the complexity of which has not been fully perceived, and the economic, social and environmental effects of which have not been fully understood. In some European countries brownfield reuse policies and redevelopment techniques have been successfully practiced for more than 40 years. In other countries, this is still an emerging subject. This is the reason why sharing knowledge and experience on brownfield reuse is so important in the European context. A needed industrial development on a brownfield site, despite its unavoidable negative environmental impacts, can be more sustainable than a public park on the same site, as it helps preserve alternative greenfield sites. In addition, the proposed development could generate jobs resulting in positive effects in the social and economic dimensions. Increases in local municipality income could be allocated to environmental improvements in the surrounding area. There are many examples (so called “best practices”) reporting how human factor as an initiator of brownfield regeneration – e.g. making a good project proposal, gaining a local community support, acquirement of grant titles, etc. – have overcome location handicaps or modified the characteristics of suitability of area or concrete brownfield site according to specific project purposes. In this respect, it is very important to study specific local political, cultural and social structures and contexts of regeneration processes, roles of specific actors.
Cuvinte cheie/Key words: environment, redevelopment, sustainability, reintegration, revitalization
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