The effective role of urban planning that lays the foundation for conflicts. Case study of the Lebanese civil war (Beirut)

Mahmoud Alturkmani

Rezumat/Abstract.Between the years of 1975 and 1990, one of the most multifaceted and complex civil wars had emerged in the Middle East history, known as the Lebanese civil war. The capital city of Lebanon “Beirut” witnessed a factual battleground of numerous armed factions to seize and control the city’s strategic resources. As a result of this conflict, 120,000 individuals faced their death and over a million other civilians got displaced from their regions. This article aims to assess the role of urban planning in the Lebanese civil war and explore the possible relationship between the planning of cities’ architecture and laying out the severity or resolution of civil wars. Using the Lebanese civil war as a case study, this article tries to add to the knowledge of how urban planning practices and policies might affect social conflicts by an in-depth investigation of historical records and scholarly literature.

Cuvinte cheie/Key words: urban conflicts, urban fabric, sectarianism in Lebanon, slums and conflict, violence in slums

Text integral/Full text